Ramia Mazé and Johan Redström (2007) 'Difficult Forms: Critical practices of research and design', in Proceedings of the IASDR Conference on Design Research (Hong Kong, Nov).

"As a kind of 'criticism from within', conceptual and critical design inquire into what design is about – how the market operates, what is considered 'good design', and how the design and development of technology typically works. Tracing relations of conceptual and critical design to (post-)critical architecture and anti-design, we discuss a series of issues related to the operational and intellectual basis for 'critical practice', and how these might open up for a new kind of development of the conceptual and theoretical frameworks of design. Rather than prescribing a practice on the basis of theoretical considerations, these critical practices seem to build an intellectual basis for design on the basis of its own modes of operation, a kind of theoretical development that happens through, and from within, design practice and not by means of external descriptions or analyses of its practices and products." (abstract)

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See also

/ Publications / Mazé, R., and Redström, J. (2009) 'Difficult Forms'.

/ Publications / Mazé, R. (2007) Occupying Time.